Jose M. Moltedo, Sanatorio Finochietto, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina Mauricio S. Abello, Sanatorio Finochietto, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina David Doiny, Sanatorio Finochietto, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina Estela C. Falconi, Sanatorio Finochietto, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina Carlos J. Diaz, Sanatorio Finochietto, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina María G. Majdalani, Sanatorio Finochietto, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina Bryan C. Cannon, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA


Objectives: Patients with univentricular hearts who require permanent pacing systems typically require placement of epicardial leads. It is frequently difficult to find a position with good thresholds due to epimyocardial fibrosis or fat. The goal of the study is to assess the progression of capture thresholds (CT), sensing parameters (P waves and R waves), and impedances (imp) of steroid eluting epicardial pacing leads in young adults who underwent Fontan conversion and a pacemaker implant. Methods: All patients undergoing Fontan conversion in two institutions were retrospectively identified. Demographic data, congenital heart defects, pacing leads used, and pacing parameters were analyzed at implant, at 6 weeks and 12 months after implant. Results: Twenty patients were identified (twelve males); mean age at conversion was 24.9 ± 5.4 years (range 18-35). Epicardial bipolar steroid eluting leads were used. The site of implant both in the atria and the ventricles varied depending on the parameters. At implant, mean atrial and ventricular impedances were 617 ± 171 Ω and 1061 ± 771 Ω, respectively, mean P wave amplitude was 2 ± 0.7 mV, and mean R wave amplitude was 12.5 ± 7.7 mV. Mean CT was 1.7 ± 0.8 V at 0.5 ms for the atrium and 2.2 ± 1.2 V at 0.5 ms for the ventricle. Ventricular CT and impedance showed an improvement within the first 12 months after implant, with four patients having a decrease in threshold of more than 2 V. Conclusion: In patients undergoing Fontan conversion, implant ventricular CT and impedances are frequently higher than expected but typically improve during follow-up. Acceptance of higher initial threshold values may be a potential strategy in this patient population.



Keywords: Fontan conversion. Pacing. Parameters. Progression.